Saturday, March 12, 2016

Crops Plants Diversity In Dinajpur



Crops Plants Diversity In Dinajpur
Introduction :  
Rvbv, †Pbv, †evSv BZ¨vw` gvby‡li ¯^vfvweK ¯^fve| †Kvb †Kvb wel‡q gvbyl e¨vcK †KŠZznjx n‡q D‡V| ZvB gvbyl Zvi cvwicvwk¦©K welqvw` m¤ú‡K© AbymÜvb Ki‡Z DrmvwnZ †eva K‡i| G iKg AbymÜvb ev M‡elYvq gvbyl Zv‡`i kÖg, mvabv, †gav, D`¨g, kw³ I mgq e¨q K‡i hv‡”Q| c„w_ex‡Z Ggb AmsL¨ NUbv NU‡Q hv gvby‡li gb‡K bvov w`‡”Q| Rvbvi AvMÖn, Rxebavi‡bi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv, myL ¯^”Q›`¨ e„w×, cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq wU‡K _vKv, cÖhyw³‡K GwM‡q wb‡q hvIqv GgbwK wewfbœ mgm¨ †_‡K DËi‡Yi Dcvq AbymÜv‡bi ga¨ w`‡q gvby‡li gv‡S M‡elYvi cÖe„w× †R‡M I‡V| gvbyl Gme mgm¨v mgvav‡bi Rb¨ bvbv cš’v, c×wZ I ‡KŠkj ‡ei Kivi cÖ‡Póv Pvjvq| cÖ‡qvR‡bi ZvwM‡`B gvbyl D‡Ïk¨ I jÿ¨ wfwËK cÖhyw³ wbf©i cÖ‡Póvi gva¨‡g †Kvb mgm¨vi hyw³hy³ mgvavb AR©b Kivi cÖ‡Póv Pvjvq| Rvbvi B”Qv Ges Áv‡bi DrKl© mva‡bi Rb¨ gvbyl bvbv ai‡bi w`bvRcyi †Rjv evsjv‡`‡ki DËiv‡j Aew¯’Z| GB †Rjvi GKwU ¯^bvgab¨ cÖwZôvb nj w`bvRcyi miKvwi K‡jR| Avwg GB K‡j‡Ri Dw™¢`weÁvb wefv‡Mi Abvm© 4_© e‡l©i wkÿv_©x| Dw™¢`weÁvb Ggb GKwU welq †hLv‡b Aa¨qb Ki‡j µgvMZ Rvbvi AvKv•Lv e„w× cvq Ges wewfbœ welq m¤ú‡K© †KŠZznj Rv‡M| Áv‡bi cwiwa wkL‡Z nq| Avevi wKQz welq nv‡ZKj‡g wkL‡Z nq| Avevi wKQz wKQz welq Av‡Q hv M‡elbvi gva¨‡g bZzb bZzb Z_¨ Rvbv hvq Ges GmKj wel‡q M‡elYv djvdj mgv‡Ri DcKv‡i Av‡m wKbv ZvI Rvbv hvq| †Kvb wel‡q M‡elYvi gva¨‡g H welq m¤ú‡K© A‡bK bZzb Z_¨ Rvbv hvq Ges mgm¨v mgvav‡bi c_ LyuwR cvIqv hvq| Dw™¢` gvby‡li Rxe‡bi mv‡_ A½vAw½fv‡e RwoZ| gvbylmn Ab¨vb¨ cÖvYx Rxebavi‡bi Rb¨ cÖZ¨ÿ I c‡ivÿfv‡e Dw™¢‡`i Dci wbf©ikxj| Avi G Rb¨B Avgv‡`i Dw™¢`weÁvb wefv‡Mi QvÎ-QvÎx‡`i‡K wbw`©ó K‡qKwU MÖæ‡c fvM K‡i †`Iqv nq Ges M‡elYvi welq wba©viY K‡i †`Iqv nq| GiB †cÖwÿ‡Z Avgvi welq wba©vwiZ nq Crops Plants Deversing In Dinajpur | GB welq m¤ú‡K© M‡elYv Kvh©µg cwiPvjbvq Avwg w`bvRcy‡ii wewfbœ GjvKvq Ny‡i Ny‡i Z_¨ I DcvË msMÖn K‡iwQ| Ges GB Z_¨ I DcvË we‡kølY, ch©v‡jvPbv I djvd‡ji gva¨‡g Avwg Avgvi M‡elYv Kvh©µg mgvß Kwi| hv GB cÖwZ‡e`‡b ms‡ÿ‡c Av‡jvPbv Kiv nj|

w`bvRcy‡ii Avev`x dm‡ji ˆewPΨZv t
w`bvRcyi nj De©i K…wlR GjvKv| G GjvKvi †ewki fvM gvbyl K…wlKvR K‡i Zv‡`i RxweKv wbe©vn K‡i| GB A‡ji gvwU De©i nIqvq GLv‡b wewfbœ ai‡bi km¨ Pvlvev` Kiv nq| G¸‡jvi g‡a¨ D‡jøL‡hvM¨ nj-
1.   avb
2.  Mg
3.  f~Æv
4.  he
5.  Avjy
6.  AvL
7.  ‡Qvjv
8.  gmyi
9.  gUi
10.  U‡g‡Uv
11.   mwilv
12.  ‡e¸b
13.  evwj©
14.  ‡Lmvwi
M‡elYv c×wZ t
‰`ePqb c×wZ‡Z DcvË msMÖn K‡i hvPvBKiY|

Source of Data :
eÜz-evÜe I cwiwPZ gvby‡li KvQ †_‡K msM„nxZ DcvË|

Data analysis :
Zzjbvg~jK we‡køl‡bi gva¨‡g Data analysis.

w`bvRcyi Flora- Gi e¨vL¨v t
w`bvRcyi nj evsjv‡`‡ki DËiv‡j Aew¯’Z GKwU De©i K…wl‡ÿÎ| Aí wKQz kvjeb Qvov GB A‡ji AwaKvsk mgZj f~wg Pvl‡hvM¨ Ges GB GjvKv‡f‡` wewfbœ ai‡bi dmj Avev` Kiv nq| dm‡ji bvgmg~n c~‡e©B mviwY‡Z D‡jøL Kiv n‡q‡Q|

Scope :  
GB A‡ji Avev`x dm‡ji ˆewPΨZv wel‡q M‡elYv Ki‡j †hgb KZ ai‡bi dmj I dm‡ji Rv‡Zi Avev` Kiv nq Zv Rvbv hv‡e †Zgwb Avevi †Kvb dmj Avev` Kiv nq bv ZvI Rvbv hv‡e Ges bZzb bZzb RvZ Avev` Kiv nq wKbv Zv Rvbv hvq| ZvQvovI fwel¨‡Z dmjx Dw™¢‡`i bZzb bZzb RvZ bZzb dmj cÖf…wZ Avev‡`i †Kvb m¤¢vebv Av‡Q wKbv ZvI ch©v‡jvPbv Kiv hvq| †gvUK_v Avev`x dm‡ji AZxZ ˆewPΨZv| eZ©gvb ‰ewPΨZv I fwel¨‡Z †Kvb bZzb cÖKi‡bi Avev‡`i m¤¢vebv Av‡Q wKbv †h m¤ú‡K© aviYv cvIqv hvq| A_©vr Avev`x dm‡ji ˆewPΨZvi cwiwa Rvbv hvq|
Avjyi †h mKj cÖKi‡Yi Pvlvev` Kiv nq †m¸‡jv nj-
1.    WvqgÛ
2.   MÖvbyjv
3.   KvwW©bvj
4.   evwi Avjy-22
5.   evwi wgwó Avjy-6
6.   we‡jZx
GmKj cÖRvwZi wewfbœ cÖKi‡Yi Pvlvev` Kiv nq|


Rice Varieties in Dinajpur :
 
av‡bi †h mKj cÖKi‡Yi Pvlvev` Kiv nq †m¸‡jv njt
1.    Pvw›`bv ev we Avi-1
2.   gvjv ev we Avi-2
3.   wecøe ev we Avi-3
4.   weªkvBj
5.   `yjv‡fvM
6.   weª evjvg
7.   Avkv
8.   mydjv
9.   cÖMwZ
10.   gy³v
11.    gqbv
12.    MvRx
13.   ‡gvnbx
14.    kvnx evjvg
15.   nvwm
16.    kvnRvjvj
17.   mvcvnvi
18.   g½j
19.    ivR‡fvM
20.   wRivkvBj
21.    weª avb-39
22.   KvUvix †fvM
23.   webv-4
24.   weªavb-33
25.   weªavb-40
26.   wRiv
27.   wbRvgx
28.   wbqvgZ
29.   wKiY
30.  w`kvix
31.   bqvcvRvg
32.   we Avi 26
33.  wniv (nvBweªW)
34.   ‡gvUv wgwb‡KU
35.  ‡mvbvi evsjv
36.   wPKb cvBRvg
37.  RvMiY cÖf…wZ|
 Av‡Li †h mKj cÖKi‡bi Pvlvev` Kiv nq †m¸‡jv njt-
1.    we Gm-96
2.   Ck¦i`x-16
3.   Ck¦i`x-17
4.   Ck¦i`x-18
5.   Ck¦i`x-19
6.   Ck¦i`x-20
7.   Ck¦i`x-21
8.   Ck¦i`x-40
f~Ævi Avev`K…Z cÖKiY¸‡jv njt-
1.    eb©vjx
2.   D¾¡j
3.   ïåv
4.   LB f~Æv
5.   wmb‡RbUv
6.   jvjZxi
M‡gi †h mKj cÖKi‡Yi Pvlvev` Kiv nq †m¸‡jv nj t-
1.    g‡bviv -64
2.   Bwbqv-66
3.   ‡mvbvwjKv
4.   ‡`v‡qj
5.   ejvKv
6.   Avb›`
7.   KvÄb
8.   AvKei
9.   eiKZ
10.         ANªvbx
11.          cÖfvZx
12.          mIMvZ
13.         kZvãx
14.          BAW-1006
 Findings :
w`bvRcyi A‡ji Crop Diversity m¤ú‡K© M‡elYv I DcvË msMÖn Ki‡Z wM‡q †`Lv †Mj †h evsjv‡`‡ki GB AÂjwU Avev`x dm‡ji †ÿ‡Î e¨vcK ˆewPΨgq| GjvKv‡f‡` Ges FZz‡f‡` wewfbœ ai‡bi dmj GLv‡b Pvl Kiv nq| Z‡e KLb Avev‡`i ˆewPΨZv e„w× †c‡jI eZ©gvb mg‡q cÖvß DcvË I Z_¨ 5-10 eQi Av‡M cÖvß Z_¨ Dcv‡Ëi mv‡_ Zzjbv Ki‡j †`Lv hvq †h Avev`x dm‡ji ˆewPΨZv e„w× †c‡jI G‡KKwU dm‡ji cÖKi‡Yi ZviZg¨ K‡g †M‡Q| D`vniY wn‡m‡e D‡jøL Kiv nq GK mgq w`bvRcyi A‡j av‡bi wewfbœ RvZ Pvl Kiv nZ wKš‘ eZ©gv‡b gywó‡gq K‡qKwU D”Pdjbkxj Rv‡Zi Pvl Kiv n‡”Q|
 
References:
1.   Brac Research and Evolution Division Dhaka Bangladesh 2013.
2.   Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014.
3.   Bangladesh Rice Research Institute 2013, 2014.
4.   Bangladesh Wheat Research Institute 2013, 2014.
5.   Bangladesh Jute Research Institute.
6.   Bangladesh Sugarcane Research Institute.
7.   Collected Data from Daily Newspaper and Another source.

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